- Lærerstuderende 2. år
- Læreruddannelsen Aalborg
Synopsis: How do children acquire vocabulary?
Synopsis/eksamensoplæg om vocabulary (tema 3 - Sprog og sprogbrug).
What is involved in knowing a word and how do children acquire vocabulary in their second language?
Vocabulary is essential in the acquisition of a new language and focus on the area is increasing. Throughout the last couple of decades the focus has been on fluency and therefore students, though they talk a lot more, lack accuracy and precision in their language. Vocabulary is an important part of all other aspects of foreign language teaching, as an inadequate vocabulary prevents a proper development in other areas, such as reading and communicating.
According to Birgit Henriksen lexical competence involves three different aspects: quantity, quality and control.
Quantity refers to the amount of words lexical competence requires, and Henriksen recommend a basic vocabulary of at least about 2000 words. A vocabulary of this size should ensure the learner comprehension of 80% of basic texts.
Quality, on the other hand, is about the deeper knowledge of words, e.g. how the words are associated to other words (antonyms/synonyms), in which collocations the words can be used as well as grammatical information of the words, such as how they are inflected. It is estimated that a basic vocabulary size of 850 words requires the learner to learn 12.425 different meanings. With this in mind, knowledge about word is... Køb adgang for at læse mere