- Lærerstuderende 2. år
- Læreruddannelsen Odense
Eksamensopgave om Intercultural Competence
Opgaven omhandler kort og godt:
1. Hvorfor skal man undervise i kultur?
2. Hvad er kultur?
3. Hvad er interkulturel kompetence
4. Hvad er vigtigt når man skal undervise i interkulturel kompetence?
Why culture teaching? 1
What is culture? 2
What is intercultural competence? 3
How do you teach culture? 5
Why culture teaching?
Our society is going through an alteration due to the increasing globalisation. This increasing globalisation has meant that communication, travel and business have become cross cultural. We travel to distant places in order to experience the culture and beauty of the foreign countries, and companies move their production to far away countries in order to cut the costs of production so they will be able to compete with other international companies on the global market. We are confronted with other languages and cultures through our Medias, travel and the internet. Today it is possible for a person to chat with other Danes, but also with E.g. Americans, Moroccans and Indians. Our own way of doing things is no longer the only way; we are presented with alternative ways. Our world is becoming multicultural and in this multicultural world English has become a lingua franca. This development of society makes demands on all of us in the form of communicative competence and intercultural competence. You could say that communicative competence is the verbal part of the competences needed today, while the intercultural competence is the nonverbal part of the competences needed in today's globalised society.
This view is also reflected in “Fælles Mål” . Here it states that the purpose of teaching English, among other things, is “to create a setting for experience, insight and cooperation and strengthen the pupils' active participation. Hereby the teaching should contribute to the pupils maintaining the desire to occupy themselves with language and culture in order to promote their further development… and give the pupils insight into cultural- and social conditions in English speaking countries and thereby strengthening their international understanding and the understanding of their own culture”. In the description of the subject English it states that “the pupils should have the opportunity to use English as an international mean of communication, and that pupils should have the opportunity to use their knowledge about cultural- and social conditions in order to achieve an insight into inter-human relations and understanding of other cultures”.
What is culture?
Now would be a good time to define what I mean when I say culture. However, defining culture is very hard because there are countless different views on the matter. But despite of this, it would seem that certain things are recurring. Amongst other things, the concept of culture involves a wide range of people's behavioural patterns and ideas. It is also important to realise that no culture can be empirically delimited through clearly defined and unambiguous boundaries and that all cultures are constantly changing and are therefore dynamic. No culture can be described or analysed objectively, as the observer's own cultural background will always influence how we view other cultures. So you might ask yourself: if culture cannot be clearly defined, then how can we speak of culture as a concept? Well, I believe that at all times there will be groups of people who have more in common with someone inside their social unit than they do with people outside of their social unit. So, to me at least, it is meaningful to say that people who belong to such a social unit belong to the same culture and to say that this unity of thought, faith, experiences etc. which, to some extend at least, exists within these social units is culture. Off course this involves some generalisation, but as long as you are aware of this and remember that one cannot apply the same yardstick to everybody, I see no problems in using the term culture.
Culture could be compared to an iceberg. Only the tip of the iceberg is visible. The remaining part... Køb adgang for at læse mere